To help you navigate and understand more about tires we have created a tire terminology page of common tire terms. Scroll below to find definitions and descriptions.
Body cords run across the tire perpendicularly to the beads. Radial tires have belt plies, which run nearly circumferentially around the tire, under the tread to stabilize the tread, strengthen the tread area and add flexibility to the sidewall. By restricting tread movement during contact with the road, the belt plies improve tread life.
Bias Ply (Diagonal) Tires
Have two, four, or more body plies, which cross at an angle to the centerline of the tread, to strengthen both the sidewall and the tread.
Belted Bias Tires
Have a body similar to that of bias tires, plus two or more belts under the tread to strengthen and stabilize the tread. The belts improve tread life by reducing tread movement during contact with the road.
Forces exerted by air within tire, expressed in pounds per square inch.
A numerical term that expresses the relationship between the standing height of the tire and the cross section width. (Aspect Ratio of 70 means the tire section stands approximately 70 percent as high as it is wide between the sidewall).
That part of the tire that is shaped to fit the rim. Made of high tensile steel wires that are wrapped in woven fabric and then held by the plies.
Maximum rated tire load for a given inflation pressure as established by the Tire and Rim Association.
Load Carrying Capacity
Maximum load for which tire is designed under standard conditions.
A system of designations that identify the carrying capacity range of a tire. These markings shown on the tire indicate the ply rating established for the tire. Passenger tire designations are B (4-ply rating), C (6-ply rating), and D (8-ply rating). This system was established by the Rubber Manufacturers Association and is used on all American-made Tires. Replaces ply rating.
A speed Designation of S, T, H, V, or Z shown in the size marking of some tires.
Ability of tires to maintain direction of vehicle on curve without causing excessive sway.
The distance in thirty – seconds of an inch measured from the tread surface to the bottom of the grooves in a tire.
The pattern of the tread area.
Tread Wear Indicators
Narrow bars of rubber molded at a height of 2/32″ across the bottom of the tread grooves. When the tread wears down to these bars, the tire should be replaced.
Tire having less than recommended air pressure for the load being carried.